What are the new technologies in development?
August 12, 2020
Technological advancement is constant and at times overwhelming. When we are learning how to use the interface of a software, a new version appears much more powerful and complete. The same is often the case with cell phones and personal computers. And it is that new technologies have come to change our lives completely, as well as the way the world works.
In this article we will be presenting the new advances and developments that will come soon, to mark a new milestone in our day to day.
5G and WiFi 6, the ideal combination
The large mobile phone companies are already developing and including 5G technology in their devices. This new technology represents a higher speed in smartphones. And as for companies that offer common services, they may include new services in their operations, thanks to 5G.
On the other hand, and although WiFi 6 consists of a different technology, this in combination with 5G will make up an ideal combination so that users can enjoy an extremely fast connection. Thanks to WiFi 6, the download of information can be carried out three times faster. Which in consequence would allow a much faster expansion of the data to a greater number of devices. All this will provide better quality and speed for activities such as enjoying streaming videos, with a high resolution.
Most advanced lithium ion batteries
Lithium ion batteries were developed in the 1980s by Akira Yoshino, John B. Goodenough, and M. Stanley Whittingham. This development earned them the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and it is still valid today, feeding everything from mobile devices to electric cars.
However, currently a group of experts is working to improve this power source with options that provide greater autonomy and less charging time.
It is expected that this year the new advance in terms of lithium ion batteries is concerned. This advance consists of solid state lithium ion batteries, which would replace the gel or liquid electrolyte. This new presentation has been in development for some years. These new portable power sources could store 2.5 times more energy, have a longer useful life, and eliminate toxic elements as well as the danger of explosion.
Supercomputers with neural processing
The most powerful supercomputers that currently exist, manage to achieve a processing speed greater than petaflop (one thousand trillion floating point operations per second), according to the measurement unit used in this field.
The supercomputer named Summit holds the record set at 148.6 petaflops. This record has become a challenge for experts in the field of computer giants, who are working to overcome the exaflop (one thousand petaflops). Several entities are competing to create and operate the first machine with the ability to surpass supercomputing at an exascale.
Countries such as China, Japan, the European Union, and the United States are known to be working on projects to create exa-scale supercomputers.
Getting to exceed the threshold of the exaflop, rather than increasing power, implies significant achievements in the world of computing. These machines could be capable of executing neural processing, matching the human brain.
Technology against climate change
Taking into account the global scope and consequences of climate change, new technologies have also focused on this issue.
The seriousness with which experts have worked to minimize or counteract the effects of the climate crisis has led to the emergence of a new area called geoengineering against climate change.
One of the new developments or projects has generated a bit of controversy, but it is expected to be put to the test soon. It is about artificially reducing the solar radiation reaching the Earth, to compensate for the warming.
The project is known as the Controlled Stratospheric Perturbation Experiment (SCoPEx), which is developed by Harvard University. The implementation of this proposal has been postponed due to controversy over the benefits and harms of it. What the experts propose is to use a propelled balloon to apply an aerosol containing calcium carbonate particles in a small area of the sky. This is a harmless material that would partially block the sun’s radiation.
Biotechnology for the manufacture of mini brains
Regenerative medicine is based on the ability of stem cells to recreate any tissue or organism. This is what makes this area of medicine one with great projection in terms of benefits for humans.
Thanks to the application of this new biotechnology, in recent years the elaboration of tiny and functional replicas of three-dimensional organs known as organoids has been achieved. These organoids have come to mimic the functioning of the human brain, which has opened up a whole field of possibilities in this area.
Researchers have managed to manufacture mini-brains whose neurons have formed connections with the ability to transmit brain waves and to elaborate their network of blood vessels, perfectly mimicking the human brain. With this development, it was advanced to the next level with the intention of creating robots commanded by biological mini-brains, with the ability to perform simple operations.
Mini-brain biotechnology may surprise you with great advances. Although some think that it is a priority to define ethical standards that regulate investigations of this type.
Command devices with your mind
One of the aspects that until now technology and its advances have not been able to change, is the need to use our hands to operate personal computers and telephones.
However, it seems that this dependency could change thanks to research and recent developments in the field of brain-computer interfaces. These developments seek to give us the ability to control or command devices with the mind.
One of the most recent advances in this area was made by the French company NextMind. This company showed a reader that fits the head of the person, and that allows you to change television channels or change places to the characters of a video game, just by looking at a specific point on the screen.
With developments like this it is not surprising that we will soon see a much more significant advance, when it comes to controlling devices with thought.